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A person who carries a player's clubs and may assist with advice, in accordance with the rules. Sometimes spelled "caddy."
Caddie (Caddy)
Someone who carries a player's club during play and offers him assistance in accordance with the rules.
Caddie Master
The golf course employee in charge of managing the caddies.
A golf car or car.
Calamity Jane
The name that Bobby Jones gave to his putter. Also putters modeled after his hickory-shafted blade putter
Measuring device commonly used to measure the diameters of grips and shafts. Calipers may be used to accurately measure other specifications of clubs as well.
The position of each greyhound at specific points around the track during a race.
The radius measurement of the sole of a club. A sole can be cambered from toe to heel, or from front to back, or both.
In slang, to hole a putt.
The top end of a club grip and shaft.
A golfer's score card; as a verb, to make a specific score, as in, "I carded a 5 on that hole."
Career Record
A series of five numbers indicating, in order, a greyhound's total number of starts, followed by first place, second place, third place and fourth-place finishes. Often preceded by an abbreviation showing the track at which the starts were recorded.
Carpenter Steel
A alloy of steel produced by the Carpenter Company that is used to produce golf club heads. Carpenter Steel has a higher strength-to-weight ratio than most stainless steels allowing heads to be made larger in volume while still maintaining structural integrity.
A large area of grass, such as a fairway or putting green.
Designer of the first club with the bore-through hosel design; specifically related to older hickory shafted clubs.
The length of travel by the ball after it is hit to the place where it first hits the ground
A two-wheeled trolley on which a golf is fitted and pulled around the course. In some cases trolleys are battery powered. Can also refer to a golf car.
See Lost Wax Investment casting
Casual Water
Any temporary accumulations of water that are visible before or after a player takes his stance and is not a hazard or in a water hazard. A player may lift his ball from casual water without penalty
Cavity Back
The design of an iron head in which the weight is distributed toward the perimeter of the head. Cavity backs are easily identified as having a recessed area on the back of the head.
Shafted Putter in which the shaft is joined to the center of the head.
Center of Gravity (Cg)
The point in a club head at which all of the points of balance intersect. CG is often mistakenly referred to as the “sweet spot.” The lower the CG of a club, the higher the ball flight. Higher CG club’s produce lower ball flight.
Center Shafted
Descriptive of a putter on which the shaft is attached to the center of the head.
A type of hosel configuration, common in putters, in which the shaft enters the head toward the center. Bullseye-type putters are the best known examples of center-shafted putters.
Ceramic Fiber
A series of man-made ceramic materials that may be used in shaft or head manufacture. Ceramic is a mid-modulus material that has better compression properties than graphite, but not as good as boron.
Generic term used to describe the process of using a special tool to “countersink”, “radius” or “cone” the inside of a hosel in order to help provide a measure of protection , particularly for a graphite shaft.
To surge from behind and display superior play. Also to play or putt aggressively.
A record of each race showing finish, calls, odds and comments describing each racer's performance.
Chart the Course
Pace each hole so that you know how far you are from the green.
The person who compiles the charts and writes the comments on each greyhound's performance during a race.
A shot on which the club head hits the ground before the ball, resulting in a weak, lofted shot.
A shot normally played from a short distance from the green. Also something found in a variation of cookies.
Chip and Run
A low trajectory shot played to the apron, or green or around the green, in which the roll is considerably longer than the carry.
Chip in
To hit a chip shot into the hole.
Chip Shot
A short approach shot of low trajectory usually hit from near the green. It is normally hit with overspin or bite.
A chip shot, usually hit from just off the green, on which the ball rolls a considerable distance toward the hole after landing.
A slang term used to indicate a collapse under pressure
To hit down on the ball with a sharp hacking motion in order to apply extra spin.
Chop Saw
A motorized saw used in larger shops to cut numerous shafts at one time.
Chrome Plated Finish
Type of finish electrostatically applied to forged irons. Identified by its high lustrous shiny appearance.
The term used in match play to denote a protest by a player regarding a possible breach of the rules.
The grade of a race or a greyhound.
Clean and Dip
Process of using steel wool or light sandpaper on a wooden wood head followed by the application of a coat of polyurethane in order to bring the club back to a “shiny” finish.
Cleaning the Ball
A ball may be cleaned whenever it is picked up legally.
The spike on the sole of a golf shoe.
Any one of many narrow-bladed iron clubs used for long shots through the green from the rough or sand. Another name for the # 1 iron. Also, a shallower faced lofted wooden club. Another name for the #4 wood.
Cleek Mark
The mark on the back of a hickory shafted club that helps to identify the maker of the club.
Close Quarters
Lacked any real racing room.
Closed Face
The position of the club face when it is pointed slightly to the left of the target.
Closed Some
Improved position some.
Closed Stance
A stance in which the left foot extends over the ball's line of flight. Opposite of open stance.
The instrument used to strike the golf ball; its basic components are the grip, the shaft, and the head. Also, an organization or association of golfers.
Club Head
The hitting area of the club.
Club Professional
A professional who works for a golf club as a teacher and equipment supplier and plays only in local events.
The main building on a golf course, which houses lockers, meeting rooms, restaurants, bar, and other facilities.
Clubhouse Lawyer
A self-appointed arbiter who doesn't usually know the rules as well as he thinks he does.
A maximum of 14 of any variation may be carried in a competition. Of these only one works well for me, 9 occasionally have any affect on my game and the rest are totally useless. -Top
Cnc (Computer Numerically Controlled) Milling
A production method, usually used for putters, in which the entire head is milled from a soft block of stainless steel. A computer controls the milling machine.
To bend the wrists during the backswing, in preparation for bringing the club forward.
Coefficient of Restitution (Cor)
The amount of energy put into a golf ball as compared to the amount of energy at (after) impact. The COR is the relation between rebound velocity and initial velocity. Putty would have a COR of 0. A perfectly elastic material has a COR of 1.
Strictly speaking, the edge of a sand trap, but also used to describe the fringe around the putting surface.
A comment used by the chartwriter to designate major contact between two or more dogs during a race.
A team game with teams of 3 or 4 players in which one player uses a colored ball. Team score comprises the score with the colored ball plus the best of the other 2 or 3 players. Players alternate holes playing with the colored ball.
Come Back Shot
The shot you make after you have overshot the hole.
Commingled Pools
Money wagered at one track, which goes into and mixes with the wagering pool at another.
The collective name for those in charge of a competition or a course.
Any of the parts used to assemble golf clubs, be they heads, shafts or grips. Most typically, a component is thought of as the club head more so than the shaft or grip.
The deflection a ball undergoes under a compressive load. Loosely defined as the hardness of a ball. Identified by a number; a higher number indicates a ball that requires more force to compress it. Lower compression balls will flatten more when struck.
Compression Molded
A manufacturing method for graphite heads and face inserts in which layers of graphite are placed upon one another and heat cured to create the clubhead or insert.
A four-under par shot. A hole-in-one on a par 5 for example. Has occurred on a hole with a heavy dogleg, hard ground and no trees. Might also be called "a triple eagle".
Generic term used to describe the process of using a special tool to “countersink” or “radius” the inside of a hosel in order to help provide a measure of protection , particularly for a graphite shaft.
Conforming Ball
Any golf ball that is permitted for tournament use under the USGA Rules of Golf as detailed in Rule Book Appendix III.
Conforming Club
A golf club whose construction permits it to be used in events as sanctioned by the USGA.
A game in which a point is awarded to the first player of the group to get to the green, one for the players closest to the pin and one for the first player to hole out. The winner is the player with the highest number of points.
Constant Weight
A shafting concept in which all of the shafts in a given set weigh the same. The idea is to promote consistent feel through this concept.
Control Shot
A shot played with emphasis on accuracy, often hit with less than full power. Also "controlled shot."
The center of the golf ball.
Core (Ball)
Any one of various material used inside the golf ball. A solid core ball utilizes a hard material inside the cover; a wound core ball typically has softer core covered by a series of windings and the cover.
Core (Grip)
The inside diameter measurement of a grip. Typically core sizes match shaft butt sizes. For example, an M60 grip core will match with a .600” shaft butt size and produce a standard size grip.
Counter Balance
The process of adding weight in the butt end of a shaft to achieve a specific swingweight and/or feel. Counter balancing will increase the overall weight of the club and is not a widely recommended procedure.
The process of using a special tool to radius the inside of a hosel in order to help provide a measure of protection , particularly for a graphite shaft. Typically heads are countersunk at a 20 degree angle. The term “countersink” may also be used to describe the tool used (in a drill or drill press) to create the countersink.
The entire playing area for a round or match, usually comprising 9 or 18 holes, each of which has a teeing ground, a fairway, and a green.
Course Rating
The comparison of playing one course as opposed to another in terms of difficulty. It is expressed in strokes or decimal fractions of strokes. The yardage of the course and the ability of a scratch golfer are the basis for determination
Outside surface of a golf ball. The cover may be one of any number of materials, Surlyn™ and balata being most common.
To allow one's good play to suffer when under pressure.
The mechanical process of “punching” two or more places on a shaft tip in order to make it fit more securely into a hosel. Crimping is done in high volume production lines and is only used (in conjunction with an air hammer) for steel shaft applications.
The tool, typically run from an air compressor, used to crimp shafts.
Cross Bunker
A bunker, usually long and narrow, that crosses the fairway.
A lengthy bunker that is situated across the fairway.
Cross-Handed Grip
An unorthodox grip in which the left hand is below the right hand.
Happens on breaks and turns when a jam occurs.
The upper portion of the head of a wood or metal wood. It is the portion of the head most visible to the player at address.
Branch of science dealing with the freezing of an object to alter its physical properties. Used to treat club heads, cryogenics aligns the molecules in the head material for a harder, more durable product.
Ast Thermoset Technology used by Callaway Golf in the development of their line of balls.
Cubic Centimeters (Cc’s)
The units used to measure the volume of a wood head. The measurement is generally made as a water displacement test whereby a wood head is immersed in water and the amount of water displaced is the head’s volume.
The container in the hole holds the flagstick in pace.
Descriptive of a lie in which the ball sits in a cup-shaped depression.
Curved Shaft
A shaft, usually steel or aluminum, designed for use in no-hosel putters, that features a bend or bends no more than 5” from the shaft tip. The curved shaft tends to create offset and possibly face balancing on putters with no hosels.
The highest score that allows a player to continue in a tournament, usually determined after the first 36 holes of a 72-hole tournament. If a player shoots that score or lower, he is said to have made the cut. To shoot a higher score is to miss the cut.
Cut in
To hit an approach shot precisely, usually with backspin, to a well-protected pin.
Cut Shot
A controlled shot that results in the ball stopping almost immediately on the green without roll.
Cutting Oil
Lubricating oil used to reduce heat during the boring of steel hosels. Also called “Drilling Oil.”
Cycles Per Minute (Cpm)
The common measurement units when discussing the frequency of a shaft.
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