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Lifetime Wins: The number of wins at licensed Trotting Meetings that the horse has accumulated during its lifetime.
Lifetime Win Only $: The amount of winning prizemoney accumulated from Licensed Trotting Meetings by the horse during its lifetime.
L.W.$ - 2yo$
Lifetime Win Only $ - 2YO Win $: The amount of Winning prizemoney accumulated from Licensed Trotting Meetings minus Winning prizemoney accumulated from 2YO wins by the horse during its lifetime.
Lactic Acid
Organic acid normally present in muscle tissue, produced by anaerobic muscle metabolism as a by-product of exercise. An increase in lactic acid causes muscle fatigue, inflammation and pain.
The term used to describe a horse which is limping or has difficulty walking properly. Lameness is often caused by an injury or problem with one or more of a horse's feet and/or legs.
A part of the hoof. See insensitive laminae and sensitive laminae. See "Hoof" in veterinary supplement for a more detailed explanation.
An inflammation of the sensitive laminae of the foot. There are many factors involved, including changes in the blood flow through the capillaries of the foot. Many events can cause laminitis, including ingesting toxic levels of grain, eating lush grass, systemic disease problems, high temperature, toxemia, retained placenta, excessive weight-bearing as occurs when the opposite limb is injured, and the administration of some drugs. Laminitis usually manifests itself in the front feet, develops rapidly, and is life-threatening. In mild cases, however, a horse can resume a certain amount of athletic activity. Laminitis is the disease that caused the death of Secretariat. Also known as "founder."
Laminitis (Founder)
Laminitis is an inflammation of the sensitive laminae that are found on the inside of the wall of the hoof. It usually affects both forelegs at the same time. When the condition first occurs, the circulation in the foot is impeded and the hoses is in great pain. If the circulation is not re-established in 24 hours, the sole of the foot will usually drop and the horse will become a chronic cripple.
A drug given to horses in proper dosages, upon approval of the Stewards, to control bleeding through the nostrils of horses as a result of exertion.
Last Half
The time recorded by a horse during the last half of the last mile travelled in a race. It is equal to the combined time recorded in the third and fourth sectionals or quarters.
Late Change
This term refers to any change in a race after the official program has been printed.
Late Double
A second daily double offered during the latter part of the program. See daily double.
Late Money
This term is used to define money that has been bet within five minutes to post.
Late Scratch
This term refers to a horse withdrawn from a race after the official program has been printed.
Late Scratching
A horse which is scratched from a race after acceptances have been declared. Any trainer who scratches a horse after acceptance time without an acceptable reason may be penalised by the Stewards.
Toward the side and farther from the center. Pertains to a side.
Lathered (Up)
Sweat that foams up usually along neck and flanks, often before a race. Too much sweat is considered a bad sign before the start of a race, may indicate a nervous horse. Also see washed out.
To occupy a certain running position deliberately, while waiting to make a strategic move.
Lay Up
A period of time in which a race horse is sent away from the racetrack to rest.
An extended period of time where a horse is stopped from racing and usually shipped to a farm for rest, breeding or rehabilitation.
Lead weights carried in the pockets on both sides of the saddle, used to make up the difference between the actual weight of the jockey and the weight the horse has been assigned to carry during the race.
Lead (Or Lead Pad)
Weights carried to make up the difference when a rider weighs less than the poundage a horse is assigned to carry.
Lead Outs
The handlers who parade the greyhounds onto the track during post parade, place them in the starting box, and retrieve the dogs when the race is finished.
Lead Pad
The saddle pocket in which lead weights can be placed.
Lead Pony
Horse or pony who heads parade of field from paddock to starting gate. Also a horse or pony who accompanies a starter to post.
Lead Time
The time it takes for a horse to travel from the start of the race to the beginning of the last mile (1609m). For instance, in a 1760m race, the lead time would be recorded during the first 151m (1760-1609). A slow lead time may advantage those horses at the front, while a fast lead time may advantage horses racing at the rear of the field.
Lead [Led]
Lead weights carried in pockets on both sides of the saddle, used to make up the difference between the actual weight of the jockey and the weight the horse has been assigned to carry during the race.
Lead [Leed]
1) See shank. 2) The front leg that is last to hit the ground during a gallop or canter. See "Gaits" in veterinary supplement for a more detailed definition.
Lead [Leed] Pony
See pony.
The horse which is out in front or leading during a race. This term may also be applied to a horse which most commonly wins races when in a leading position.
Leaky Roof Circuit
Minor tracks.
As opposed to buying a harness horse, people have the option of leasing one. Just like some people lease a car instead of paying the money up-front, leasing a horse gives people use of a horse without large capital outlay. An agreement or contract must be drawn up between the two parties, and the lease must be registered with the relevant controlling body.
Leg Lock
This is when a jockey illegally hooks legs with another rider, impeding the other horse.
Leg Up
To help a jockey mount his horse. Also a jockey having a mount. Also to strengthen a horse's legs through exercise.
A unit of measurement in racing. In horse racing, a length is theoretically the distance from the horse's nose to the tip of its flying tail, approximately 8-9 feet. In greyhound racing, a length is approximately .07 of a second.
Let Up
Another term for a spell, however, a let-up usually refers to a short break, not a lengthy spell in the paddock.
A band of fibrous tissue connecting bones, which serve to support and strengthen joints and to limit the range of motion. There are also ligaments that support certain organs.
Pedigree; male side of the pedigree as contrasted with family, or female side. This is also used as a slang term for the odds on a horse.
Listed Race
A stakes race just below a group race or graded race in quality.
Live Weight
The weight of a jockey that a horse carries versus dead weight such as lead pad, which does not move with the horse's action.
When a horse is referred to as a "lock" it is a sure thing.
Lock-Out Kennel
The area within the paddock designed to house the racing greyhounds before their racing performance. Also, the "ginny pit".
Locked Up
Another term for being boxed in.
Long End (Of Purse)
Winner's share.
Long Shot
Opposite of favorite.
Loose Horse
A horse that continues running after losing rider. This is also used as a slang term to refer to a person of inconsistent mannerisms.
Loose Rein
A horse on a loose rein is one which is allowed to run freely, without any pressure from the driver to speed up or slow down.
The action of a horse that tends to veer away from steering pressure exerted on either rein.
Lug (In or Out)
The action of a tiring horse, bearing in or out, failing to keep a straight course.
Lug in
To bear in towards the rail during a race.
1) Horse rearing and plunging. 2) A method of exercising a horse on a tether ("lunge line").
The object the greyhounds chase while racing. Lures generally are a stuffed object that resembles either a bone or a rabbit. The lure operator keeps it a uniform distance ahead of the greyhounds.
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