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Elapsed time.
Early Apex
A point on the inside of a turn before the geometric apex. See geometric apex.
Early Termination
Ending the lease before the contracted time. May be involuntary, due to theft or accident.
Early Termination Charge
Additional fee charged when a lease is ended before the agreed-upon term. Often represents a substantial penalty.
Earned Premium
The portion of the premium which is already paid from an expired policy term.
Economy Run
Driving slower to conserve fuel. Some series cars can actually manipulate air/fuel levels (less fuel, more air) to run "lean" and conserve fuel.
Engine Control Unit or Black Box.
The Electronic Engine Control unit or colloquially referred to as the Black Box.
Elapsed Time
An elapsed time, or e.t., is the time it takes a vehicle to travel from the starting line to the finish line. Turbocharger: An exhaust driven intake air compressor. (see supercharger)
Electric Vehicles (Ev)
Vehicles powered by electricity, generally using a rechargeable battery.
Electrical Fault
When a connecting rod comes through the block and knocks the distributor off.
Electrical System
In electric ignition internal-combustion engines, those components required to convert the electricity produced by the generator into a high-voltage spark for the plugs. Includes: generator or alternator, points, condenser, coil, distributor and spark plugs plus wiring.
Electronic Control Module (Ecm)
The computer that controls the engine's fuel and emissions systems. Among the devices it controls is the idle air control, or IAC, which regulates the idle speed in fuel-injected engines. Also called the Electronic Control Unit (ECU).
Electronic Fuel Injection System
Injects fuel into the engine's cylinders with electronic control to time and meter the fuel flow.
Electronic Valve Timing (Evt)
System in which a computer controls the timing of the opening and closing of cylinder valves.
After qualifying, vehicles race two at a time, resulting in one winner and one loser. Winners continue to race in tournament-style competition until one remains. (Drag racing)
After qualifying, vehicles race two at a time, resulting in one winner and one loser. Winners continue to race in tournament-style competition until one remains. Two-step: An electronic device enables the driver to program a specific rpm range for the launch.
End of Lease Payment
In an open-end lease, the amount the lessee pays at the end of the lease; the difference between the vehicle's residual value, which was used to calculate lease payments, and the actual market value.
End Plate
The verticle end piece of a wing.
A short-track event which runs at a longer-than-usual distance and with an abnormally large field. In an enduro, the lead cars start to enter lapped traffic after only a few laps. This makes the event more of a challange to the driver to be smooth and stay out of trouble, rather than a speed and horsepower contest. \
Engine Computer
A microprocessor that controls the low-level functions of the engine, such as fuel delivery and engine timing.
Engine Displacement
The total of the volume used for combustion inside the cylinders of an engine. Measured in liters on newer models, or in cubic inches on older models.
Engine Management System
Another term for the Black Box.
Engine Types Boxer or Flat
An engine where the cylinders are arranged opposite (180 degrees apart).
Environmental Protection Agency (Epa)
The federal agency that regulates air quality and sets automotive fuel-economy and emissions standards.
Epicyclic Gearbox
A form of gear used by Benz in which small pinions revolve around a central or sun gear and mesh with an outer ring gear called the annulus. Type used in the Ford Model T. Also called planetary gears, sun-and-planet gears.
Cars in NASCAR Busch Series, Grand National Division superspeedway races are required to run tires with both inner tubes and "inner liners," which are actually small tires inside the standard racing tire. When the inner liner loses air pressure and that pressure becomes the same as that within the outer tire, the tire is said to have equalized and a vibration is created. Esses - Slang term for a series of acute left- and right-hand turns on a road course, one turn immediately following another. Fabricator - A person who specializes in creating the sheet metal body of a NASCAR Busch Series, Grand National Division car. Most teams have at least one fabricator, and many employ two or more. Factory - A term designating the "Big Three" auto manufacturers: General Motors (GM), Ford, and Chrysler. The "factory days" refer to periods in the 1950s and '60s when the manufacturers actively and openly provided sponsorship money and technical support to some race teams.
Equalize (A Tire)
To gradually lose pressure in an inner-liner equipped tire, until the main carcass pressure equals the inner liner pressure. When this happens, the inner liner partially unfolds inside the tire and flops around, which can create a severe vibration.
Equalize Tire
When the tire pressures between the outer race tire and the inner liner have become equal. This condition cause handling problems and requires immediate attention.
Equalized Tire
A tire in which the pressure between the inner tube and the outside wall have become equal. A problem for the driver that requires immediate attention.
The value left in a used vehicle after subtracting the outstanding loan balance from its market value. For example, if $4,000 is still owed on a car worth $8,000 on the open market, then it has an equity of $4,000.
A process in which a neutral third party takes care of the transfer of ownership of the vehicle.
A series of left- and right-hand turns, one turn immediately following another.
An elapsed time, or e.t., is the time it takes a vehicle to travel from the starting line to the finish line. (Drag racing)
Evaporative Emissions
Evaporated fuel from the carburetor or fuel system which mixes with the surrounding outside air.
Evaporator Core
Part of the climate-control system that contains a liquid refrigerant which turns to gas to absorb heat from the air.
Excess Mileage
Any mileage over the amount agreed upon within the lease. Generally incurs a per-mileage charge at the end of the lease. Experts recommend a yearly mileage limit, or Mileage Cap, that exceeds normal driving needs.
Excess Mileage Charge
Additional charge at the end of the lease for every mile on the odometer over the limit stated in the lease. A typical charge is 15 cents per mile, but the fees can be from 10 cents to 25 cents a mile. It costs less to figure your expected mileage use (or mileage allowance) realistically and prepay than to pay for excess mileage at lease end.
Excess Wear and Tear
Visible damage to a vehicle that is above and beyond what is considered normal wear and tear. Usually specified in the lease contract. Will incur additional cost at lease-end. If possible, negotiate as specifically as you can in the lease what the lessor will consider excess wear and tear.
Any cause, condition, or property which are not covered by the policy.
The system of exhausting the burned gases from an internal-combustion engine consisting of piping or tubing, silencers, and, at times, resonators.
Exhaust Gas Recirculation (Egr)
Part of the emissions system, it recirculates exhaust gases into the intake manifold, cooling the combustion chamber.
Exhaust Manifold
The passages that route the exhaust gases towards the muffler and exhaust system.
Extended Coverage
A policy that covers any extras that are not in the original policy.
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